Homophobia is the fear of, or aversion to homosexuality or those perceived to
be homosexual, often resulting in discriminatory behaviour, i.e. treating people
negatively on the basis of this perceived trait. Although individual, it can also
support structural discrimination. In turn, stereotypes and negative messages
about homosexuality cultivate homophobia. Homophobia can be internalised,
leading people to fear or hate their own feelings of same-sex attraction and
damaging their self-esteem.